Background

Muhlis Hadrawi
(the Head of the Committee)

The Malay archipelago holds a diverse culture, inhabited by dozens of ethnic groups who have a maritime and agrarian civilization base. The region keeps traces of the earliest modern humans based on the findings of paintings in the prehistoric cave area of Maros-Pangkep, South Sulawesi, which is 44,000 years old. The painting reveals the fact of human history, that South Sulawesi is an old dwelling on the planet – older than the paintings at El Castillo cave in Spain and in the Chauvet cave, in French.

Furthermore, the population of Malay has an old civilization that is constantly undergoing a process of socio-cultural intersections between regions. Culture is constructed from time to time along with global phenomena such as international trade, the impact of war, conquest, colonial domination, political relations, military, capitalism, technology, the internet, including the epidemic.

In real terms, the plague is an aspect that has a major impact on civilization that patterns human relations globally. The Covid-19 outbreak, for example, is an issue in the latest millennials that threatens the health security of mankind. Indeed, in its long history, plague has been the cause of the collapse of world civilizations (Diamond, 2019).

Human civilization is constantly changing. Ideas and structures are increasingly dynamic, the stages of progress and modernization are constantly moving. On the other hand, human life, such as religion, ideology, myth, and idea, also rotates endlessly. All of them are an expression of the journey of human culture throughout the ages.

It can be concluded that the dynamics of early human civilization began in ancient times to modern life today. All of them provide space for endless exploration of science. It is in that position that humanities such as archaeology, history, language, and culture have significant space in producing the latest studies.

Since 2012, ASBAM as an international scientific communication forum has played a role in distributing the results of studies by world scientists. Together, the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and Hasanuddin University run the ASBAM International Conference every year.

In 2021, scientists, researchers, humanists, journalists, and practitioners are given the opportunity to communicate and publish their work through the 9th ASBAM International Conference. The implementation of the 9th ASBAM in 2021 will be organized by UNHAS and UKM in collaboration with the Makassar Religious Research and Development Centre and the BPCB South Sulawesi. In addition, it also collaborates with foreign institutions; the Malaysian Archaeological Association (IAAM). The 9th ASBAM will take place on 27 to 28 October 2021 and it will involve several universities and research institutions from 8 countries; 1) Malaysia, 2) Indonesia, 3) Thailand, 4) Brunei Darussalam, 5) The Netherlands, 6) Australia, 7) The Philippines and 8) Cambodia, with the output of proceedings indexed by Scopus, international and national journals.

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